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Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along afghanistan Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. The land has historically been afghanistan to various peoples and has witnessed numerous military campaignsincluding those by Alexander the GreatMauryasMuslim ArabsMongolsBritishSovietsand since by the United States with NATO -allied countries.


It has been called, "unconquerable" [16] [17] and nicknamed the, "graveyard of empires," [18] though it has been occupied during several different periods of its history. The land also served as the source from which the KushansHephthalitesSamanidsAfghanistanGhaznavidsGhoridsKhaljisMughalsHotaksDurranisand others have risen to form major empires. The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century.

Its border with British India, the Durand Linewas formed in but it is not recognized by the Afghan government and it has led to strained relations with Pakistan since the latter's independence in Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in the country was free of foreign influence, eventually becoming a monarchy under King Amanullahuntil almost 50 years later when Zahir Shah was overthrown and a republic was established.

U.S. And The Taliban May Be Near A Deal. What Does That Mean For Afghanistan?

Inafter a second coup Afghanistan bangladesi teen topless became a socialist state and then a Soviet Union protectorate.

This evoked the Soviet—Afghan War in the s against mujahideen rebels. By most of Afghanistan was captured by the Islamic fundamentalist group the Talibanwho ruled most of the country as a totalitarian regime for over five years.